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Root vegetables are easy to grow and bring unique flavors and nutritional benefits to your table.

These vegetables, which include familiar favorites like carrots, onions, and beets, develop their edible parts underground, making them an excellent addition to any garden. They’re particularly valued for how little space they take up and their extended harvest period, allowing gardeners to enjoy fresh produce from spring through fall.

Here are 14 root vegetables that are perfect for growing in your garden.


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Horseradish is a popular root vegetable. It’s a perennial plant that can become invasive if not contained. This spicy and peppery vegetable, which belongs to the same family as broccoli, cabbage, and mustard, adds a distinct kick to various dishes.

Horseradish is popular for its culinary uses and is also relatively easy to plant in your garden. To grow horseradish, you’ll need to dig up the root and replant the offshoot in well-draining soil with sunlight access.

Plant horseradish in early spring. It prefers full sun and deep, fertile soil. Consider growing it in containers to prevent spreading.


Fresh carrots. Harvest fresh organic carrots on the ground.
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A cool-season crop, carrots can be planted in spring and late summer. Carrots are crunchy, sweet, and highly nutritious. Carrots prefer loose, sandy soil that allows for straight growth. Avoid rocky soil to prevent misshapen carrots. Plant in early spring or late summer for a fall harvest.

Related: How to Store Carrots | 3 Ways


Pile of new potatoes in grocery store, close up
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Potatoes are a staple crop that comes in many varieties, including russet, red, yellow, and purple. They’re a good source of vitamins, minerals, and fiber.

Plant seed potatoes in early spring when the soil can be worked. They prefer well-drained, loose soil and consistent watering.

How to Grow Potatoes: Trench or Hill Method


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Grown for its culinary and medicinal uses, garlic is an essential perennial vegetable for your homestead garden. It’s relatively easy to grow and can be used at various stages of its growth.

Most gardeners plant garlic in the fall to harvest the bulbs the following summer. To grow garlic as a perennial, you can leave a few bulbs in the ground after harvest, and they will regrow in the next growing season.

How to Grow Garlic: A Year’s Supply


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Onions, a staple in global cuisines, can be grown from seeds, transplants, or sets (small bulbs). While easy to grow, the initial planting requires effort. Transplants are the simplest and fastest to mature. Onions need a long growing season but are otherwise low-maintenance.

How to Grow Onions: Three Ways


Beets in a row stacked in outdoor market
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Beets, known for their nutritious roots and greens, are quick-growing vegetables that taste best when harvested young. The entire plant is edible. It makes a great addition to a salad or roasted to perfection. Plant them in well-draining soil with regular watering.


Fresh radishes on old wooden table
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Radishes are one of the quickest-growing vegetables, with some varieties ready to harvest in three weeks. They add a peppery kick to salads and dishes. Plant radish seeds in cool weather and well-drained soil. They need full sun to partial shade.

Sweet Potatoes

sweet potatoes growing in ground and harvested
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Sweet potatoes, rich in vitamin A and sweet in flavor, need a long, warm growing season. Plant their slips after the last frost in well-drained, sandy soil under full sun.


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Turnips can be grown for both their roots, which are sweet and tender when young, and their greens. They’re a great source of Vitamin C. Sow turnip seeds in early spring or late summer for a fall harvest. They grow best in full sun, keeping the soil moist and mulched. Harvest small turnips to allow others to develop and mulch heavily.


parsnip Root At A Street Sale
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Parsnips, with their sweet, nutty flavor, enrich soups and stews. High in fiber and potassium, they require a long growing season and mature in about 16 weeks. Plant seeds in early spring in deep, well-drained soil. Leaving them in the ground until after the first frost enhances their sweetness.


Display of fresh leeks at the farmers market
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Leeks, related to onions, withstand frost well and are used in a variety of dishes like stews and soups. The entire plant can be eaten. Plant them similarly to onions but bury them deeper, ensuring only 1-2 inches of the leaves are above the soil to aid their growth.


ginger tea with honey, lemon and cup
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If your climate permits, consider growing ginger. This versatile root offers a bold, sweetly spicy flavor and makes an excellent tea. Ginger is easy to cultivate, even in containers for those with limited space.


Healthy Raw Organic Brown Rutabaga Root Vegetables
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Rutabagas, a hybrid of turnips and cabbage, boasts a sweet and slightly peppery taste. They are bigger than turnips, with yellowish flesh, and can vary from crisp and tangy when raw to buttery when cooked.

They’re easy to grow, require little space, and face a few pest issues. However, they need at least 90 days to grow, so start early if you have a short season. Sow seeds in late spring for a fall harvest in full sun and rich soil. Keep them watered and weed-free, harvesting in fall when they’re 4 to 6 inches across.


salsify vegetables on wood
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Salsify is a rare but rewarding root vegetable. It is often called the oyster plant for its mild, oyster-like flavor. Plant the seeds in spring in deep, loose, well-drained soil. Like parsnips, it requires a long growing season and matures in 3 to 4 months.

How to Start a Herb Garden from Scratch

green rosemary plants in flowerpots
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Growing something as simple as our own herbs is a massive step towards sustainability. You can begin the process in a small space in the kitchen or backyard with some of your favorite herbs. Here are some simple but practical steps to get you started on your herb garden.

How to Start a Herb Garden from Scratch

20 Best Plants for Container Gardening

a person is planting onions in a yellow painted pot
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Container gardening can be as fulfilling as large-scale farming in terms of growing and harvesting your food. Whether planting in your backyard, on a balcony, patio, or urban homestead, here are some of the best plants perfect for growing in containers.

20 Best Plants for Container Gardening

Plants to Grow Now for a Mosquito-Free Summer

Tall red flowers of Monard bee balm in the summer garden
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Here are some of the best plants that you can grow in your yard to help keep the mosquitoes at bay.

12 Plants to Grow Now for a Mosquito-Free Summer

How to Outsmart Gnats to Keep Them Away From Your Houseplants

cinnamon on houseplant
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Gnats are more than just a minor annoyance; these tiny pests buzz around with a persistence that’s hard to ignore. Here are ten effective ways to keep gnats away from your house plants.

How to Outsmart Gnats to Keep Them Away From Your Houseplants

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